The Maori of New Zealand have lost most of their instrumental music in the process of acculturation but have preserved many of their traditional chants and dances, which are classified according to function and contents of the text. This historical account provides the basis for traditional Maori social organization and is generally supported by archaeological discoveries, which have dated Maori arrival in New Zealand to about ce.
The most current reliable evidence strongly indicates that the initial settlement of New Zealand occurred around CEat the end of the medieval warm period. Migration accounts vary among tribes iwiwhose members may identify with several waka in their genealogies whakapapa.
In the last few decades, mitochondrial-DNA mtDNA research has allowed an estimate to be made of the number of women in the founding population—between 50 and Language-evolution studies  and mtDNA evidence  suggest that most Pacific populations originated from Taiwanese aborigines around 5, years ago suggesting prior migration from the Asian or Chinese mainland.
Subsequently it was found that 96 per cent of Polynesian mtDNA has an Asian origin, as do one-third of Polynesian Y chromosomes, with the remaining two-thirds being from New Guinea and nearby islands.
Marine mammals—seals in particular—thronged the coasts, with evidence of coastal colonies much further north than those which remain today [update].
Further south, at the mouth of the Shag River Waihemoevidence suggests that at least 6, moa were slaughtered by humans over a relatively short period of time. It was common for people to establish small temporary camps far inland for seasonal hunting.
Settlements ranged in size from 40 people e. Radiocarbon dating shows the site was occupied from about to Due to tectonic forces, some of the Wairau Bar site is now underwater. Work on the Wairau Bar skeletons in showed that life expectancy was very short, the oldest skeleton being 39 and most people dying in their 20s.
Most of the adults showed signs of dietary or infection stress. Anemia and arthritis were common. Infections such as tuberculosis TB may have been present, as the symptoms were present in several skeletons. Moa were also an important source of meat. According to Professor Allan Cooper, the people slaughtered to extinction most of the various lost species within years.
The low number of births may have been due to the very low average life expectancy of 31—32 years. This suggests that the people ate a balanced diet and enjoyed a supportive community that had the resources to support severely injured family members.
The cooling of the climate, confirmed by a detailed tree-ring study near Hokitikashows a significant, sudden and long-lasting cooler period from This coincided with a series of massive earthquakes in the South Island Alpine fault, a major earthquake in in the Wellington area,  tsunamis that destroyed many coastal settlements, and the extinction of the moa and other food species.
This period is characterised by finely made pounamu greenstone weapons and ornaments, elaborately carved canoes—a tradition that was later extended to and continued in elaborately carved meeting houses called wharenui  —and a fierce warrior culture.
A notable feature of Moriori culture was an emphasis on pacifism. The battle was fought between about 7, warriors from a Taranaki -led force and a much smaller Waikato force under the leadership of Te Rauangaanga.Although few Europeans arrived in New Zealand over the 70 years that followed Cooks rediscovery, the exploitation of the country’s natural resources began almost immediately, as did the introduction of animals and manmade items that saw Maori shift overnight from the stone to the iron age.
The history of New Zealand dates back at least years to when it was discovered and settled by Some , settlers came from Britain, of whom , stayed permanently.
Most were young people and , babies were born. The passage of , was paid by the colonial government.
New Zealand in History – an overview of pre. Māori are the tangata whenua, the indigenous people, of New Zealand.
They came here more than years ago from their mythical Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki. Today Māori make up 14% of our population and their history, language and traditions are central to New Zealand’s identity.
Queenstown History Overview. Early Maori expeditioners to Queenstown came in search of pounamu, or greenstone, a nephrite jade. It is a semi-precious stone of huge cultural importance to the Maori people. They once used the beautiful stone for adzes, chisels and weaponry.
Overview. The economy of New Zealand has been listed as first in the world for Social Progression, a societal tracker that watches areas such as Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and the level of Opportunity provided to its residents. However, New Zealand's economy used to .
Māori King movement origins Page 2 – Overview The Māori King, Te Arikinui Tūheitia Paki, can trace his position back to the s, when tribes all over the country discussed the idea of appointing a king.